3.4 Image Preprocessing, Processing, & Normalization
Chapter 8, Image Preprocessing, and Chapter 9, Image Processing, briefly describes the image preprocessing and image processing required for the ImageFinder.
The Image Preprocessing sub-layer prepares the image for the ImageFinder. Image Preprocessing is not unique; there are many options available. Some are better than others.
The Image Preprocessing Layer consists of one filter, the Preprocessing filter.
The Image Processing Layer consists of three types of filters:
Edge Filters (Optional);
Threshold Filters (Required); and
Clean-Up Filters (Optional).
The ImageFinder applies these three filters in the above order.
From the user’s point of view, Image Processing means you have to set three filters: Edge Filters, Threshold Filters, and Clean-Up Filters. The Threshold Filter is required; the other two filters are optional. This chapter will introduce the class library, “Attrasoft.transapplet70.ImageProcessing70”.
Chapter 10, Normalization, briefly describes the Normalization process required for the ImageFinder. At the end of the Image Processing, the original image is transformed into a new image with the main features exaggerated and the background suppressed, i.e. the result is still an image. The underlying image matching engine will process data in a particular format, therefore, an image will need to be formatted for the internal matching engine via a normalization process.
Normalization has 1 filter, Reduction Filter, which will prepare the images for the underlying image matching engine. The Attrasoft Image Matching Engine is an internally developed algorithm, which is called the “Attrasoft Boltzmann Machine” or ABM. The ABM neural net deployed in the ImageFinder, by default, is a 100x100 array of neurons.
While any size of ABM neural net can be used, when coming to a particular application, a decision has to be made. The ImageFinder uses 6 different sizes:
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